Boston Globe, November 19, 1898. "Steamer Sebenoa Beached."
Historical Society of the Town of Hancock, The Sun Never Sets on Hancock Point, 2000.
Kennebec Journal, October 3, 1916. "Recover Body of Lightkeeper, Another Missing."
Lowell Sun, October 2, 1916. "Gave Life in Futile Effort to Save Brother."
McLane, Charles B. Islands of the Mid-Maine Coast: Vol. II Mount Desert to Machias Bay. Falmouth, ME: Kennebec River Press, Inc., 1989.
Sterling, Robert Thayer. Lighthouses of the Maine Coast and the Men Who Keep Them. Brattleboro, VT: Stephen Daye Press, 1935.
Trapani, Bob. "Shadow of Death Follows Crabtree Ledge Lighthouse to a Watery Grave." Lighthouse Digest, November 2005.